Secretary Harkaran Ibn Mathuradas Kamboh Multani
Secretary Harkaran Ibn Mathuradas Kamboh Multani (d 1631). Harkaran was the son of Mathura Das Kamboh and belonged to Multan which was a great centre of learning during Mughal reign. Harkaran Kamboh was a noted scholar of Arabic and Persian languages. His father was also a good poet of Persian language. Harkaran is best known for his book Insa-yi-Harkaran written in the Persian language (1625-1631) during the last days of Jahangir and early days of Shah Jehan. The work was compiled between 1625 AD and 1631 AD. It is stated that, one day in the reign of the Emperor Shah Jahan, Harkaran Kamboh had sat at “the seat of Empire in the city of Matura” and devoted himself to improving his skills as Munshi (Secretary). There followed a selection of letters to different classes of people indicating how ‘princes write to princes’, diplomatic (firmans, parwanahs), letters between notables and legal documents including certificate for the sale of a slave girl etc. The result was his famous Insa-yi-Harkaran in Persian language which soon became an established model of excellence. Insa-yi-Harkaran is divided into seven sections and contains models of letters and other documents relating to the State. Furthermore, Insa-yi-Harkaran was also used as a model for diplomatic correspondence with the native princes and potentates by the British in India and also as a model for school children learning Persian-letter writing in the schools. Not much is known about his other works but Insa-yi- Harkaran was indeed considered an excellent book till British rule. At the beginning of his book, Harkaran introduces himself as Faqir Haqir Hechamdan Azhaf Man Abdullah Al-Samad Harkaran Valad Mathuradas Kamboh Multani .