Biographical Sketch of Shaheed Udham Singh

Biographical Sketch of Shaheed Udham Singh

Shaheed Udham Singh Kamboj (December 26, 1899 – July 31, 1940) was one of the great patriots of India, with a burning desire to see his motherland free from the clutches of British colonialism and imperialism. He was a nationalist Indian revolutionary who has made a historic contribution to Indian independence.

Birth and early life

Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 in Sunam, Patiala, by the name of Sher Singh. His father’s name was Tahal Singh and he was the watchman of Upall railway crossing in a nearby village.

He lost his parents at the age of seven, which led to his later life with his elder brother Mukta Singh from 24 October 1907 at Central Khalsa Orphanage, Central Khalsa Orphanage.

Both brothers received Sanskrit rites in the orphanage, which led to their new names. Sher Singh was named Udham Singh and Mukt Singh was named Sadhu Singh. Udham Singh’s elder brother died in the year 1917 and he fell alone.

Start of revolutionary life

Udham Singh left the orphanage in 1918 after studying his matriculation. On 13 April 1919, he was present on the day of Baisakhi, who was the heart of the Jalliwala Bagh massacre.

At the same time, General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer closed all the doors except for one gate in the garden and fired indiscriminately at unarmed, ordinary people. Thousands of people died in this incident. The bodies of many people met inside the well.

The prison

Udham Singh thought of taking revenge due to the rage and grief of this incident. He soon left India and went to America. He learned about the Babbar Akali Movement in the early 1920s and returned to India.

He had come in hiding with a pistol, due to which he was arrested by Amritsar Police when caught. This led to him serving 4 years in prison for possessing unlicensed pistols.

After his release from jail, after this, he came to live in his permanent residence Sunam, but he was harassed by the British police there, due to which he moved to Amritsar. In Amritsar, Udham Singh opened a shop in which a painter’s board was placed and Ram Mohammad Singh Azad started living in the name of Ram Muhammad Singh Azad. Udham Singh chose this name in such a way that the names of all religions were present in it.

Inspired by the views of Shaheed Bhagat Singh

Udham Singh was greatly influenced by Bhagat Singh’s actions and his revolutionary group. 1935 When he visited Kashmir, he was captured with a photograph of Bhagat Singh.

He was considered an accomplice of Bhagat Singh without any offense and Bhagat Singh as his mentor. Udham Singh loved singing patriotic songs and was very fond of songs by Ram Prasad Bismil, a great poet of revolutionaries.

After a few months in Kashmir, Udham Singh left India. In his 30s he went to England. Udham Singh was looking for a chance to avenge the Jallianwala Bagh murder case. This opportunity came a long time later on 13 March 1940.

Udham Singh avenges the Jalliwala massacre in London

On that day there was a meeting of the East India Association and Royal Central Asian Society at Caxton Hall, London Caxton Hall, London. Around 4.30 pm, Udham Singh fired 5-6 bullets at Sir Michael O’Dwyer, Sir Michael O’Dwyer with a pistol and died there.

The Secretary of State for India, who was the President of this House, was also hurt during this firing. The biggest thing was that Udham Singh had no fear of doing this. They did not even run away, but just came out of their mouth – I have done the duty of my country.

Suggested Read: Shaheed Udham Singh


On 1 April 1940, Udham Singh was identified as the killer of the journal Dire Sir Michael O’Dwyer. He was sentenced to the death of Justice Atkinson on 4 June 1940 at the Central Criminal Court, Purani Bareilly Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey for interrogation.

An appeal was filed on 15 July 1940 to save him from hanging but he was dismissed. On 31 July 1940, Udham Singh was hanged at the Pentonville Prison in London.

He had one last wish that his ashes be sent to his country, but this was not done. In 1975, the Government of India, along with the Government of Punjab, succeeded in bringing the ashes of Udham Singh. Millions of people had gathered to pay homage to him.

Shaheed Udham Singh 2000 movie

A film was also made in the year 2000, based on the valor and sacrifice of Udham Singh. Starring Raj Babbar as Udham Singh, Gurdas Maan as Bhagat Singh, Shatrughan Sinha as Mohammed Khan, Amrish Puri as The Sufi Saint, Juhi Chawla as Noor Jehan, Ranjeet as Gyani Ji, Tom Alter as Brig. Gen. Edward Harry Dyer, Joseph Lamb as Winston Churchill, Dave Anderson as O’Dwyer, John Barry as Michael Atlee, Charleen Carswell as Irene Rose Palmer, and Amardeep Jha as Udham’s Maami (as Chetana).

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